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the force that works against an object as it slides along the surface of another object or moves through a liquid or gas:
While funds are miễn phí to rebalance their investments as asmix prices change, there are the frictions of transactions costs và inertia.
If trade frictions are low, conducting trade in the unorganized sector is so attractive that it may not generate sufficient profits for the intermediation business.
If trade frictions are moderate, bills circulate as a general medium of exchange, và the level of specialization is higher relative lớn barter.
In the latter, indeterminacy significantly relied on scale economies, whereas here it almost exclusively rests on frictions in financial market.
When trade frictions are low, conducting trade in the unorganized sector is so attractive that it may not generate sufficient profits for the intermediation business.
The amount of nominal volatility, however, is shown to lớn vary with asmix market frictions and with government policy.
The nominal frictions in terms of the degrees of price và wage stickiness are somewhat smaller in the open-economy mã sản phẩm.
Moreover, the severity of financial market frictions is itself endogenous in the models we describe.
However, if the rate of inflation is increased excessively, real returns will be driven down to lớn the point where credit market frictions become binding.
Singularities appear in the higher-order approximate solutions lớn the viscous displacement velocities và skin frictions, which coincide with the singularity of the first-order approximate solution.