Obliviate

In Harry Potter & the Chamber of Secrets, we are introduced lớn Gilderoy Lockhart, a wizard who has gained fame and glory through his use of the Memory Charm on other, more talented witches & wizards. But how exactly does the Memory Charm work? What powers does it have and not have? And is this charm consistent with how memory và amnesia actually operate in the real world?

In general, the Memory Charm is used to selectively obscure or eliminate memories of specific events from a person’s mind. Based on scientific studies about memory, I’m guessing that the Memory Charm probably allows the spellcaster khổng lồ gain access to the hippocampus, which is the part of the brain where memories are originally stored. Over a span of many years, however, these memories diffuse to lớn various parts of the brain và vày not rely on the hippocampus to be retrieved. Therefore, when someone is performing a Memory Charm, it is probably much easier khổng lồ remove sầu recent memories than ones that have sầu happened early on in a person’s life. When Hermione removes her own existence from her parents’ memories in Harry Potter & the Deathly Hallows, this is probably an immensely tricky và difficult spell since she has been in her parents’ lives for 17 years.

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Hermione’s Memory Charm on her parents is also remarkable in that it not only removes memories, but it also adds new ones. Hermione manages khổng lồ convince her parents that they’ve always had a burning desire khổng lồ move lớn nước Australia. At first glance, this seems like an incredibly difficult feat. However, false memories actually occur fairly commonly, even in the Muggle world. Memory researchers have found that humans are highly suggestible, & actions as subtle as having people imagine certain scenartiện ích ios, asking leading questions, và using testimony from trusted family members can lead people khổng lồ clayên that they have sầu memories of situations that never occurred. Therefore, it does not seem too strange that a cleverly used Memory Charm could leave sầu false impressions on people’s minds.


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We may be able to gain the most insight inkhổng lồ how the Memory Charm works by looking at how it goes wrong. In Chamber of Secrets, Gilderoy Lockhart’s Memory Charm backfires due to lớn Ron’s malfunctioning w&, leaving hyên with severe amnesia. Lockhart primarily has what is known as retrograde amnesia, an inability to retrieve information on what has occurred earlier in life. People with retrograde amnesia, however, still rethành viên how to vị most of the physical activities they have sầu learned throughout their lives. For the most part, this is true with Lockhart, who is capable of walking và talking, but he does seem to have lost the ability to vì chưng some fine motor activities lượt thích writing in cursive sầu, & it’s unclear whether he is still capable of doing magic. Personality is untouched by retrograde amnesia, as shown by Lockhart’s continued narcissism, & old habits die hard, as evidenced by Lockhart’s continued desire to sign autographs.


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Lockhart does not, however, appear to lớn have anterograde amnesia, which is the inability to lớn learn new information. In the fifth book, Harry, Hermione, và Ron talk to Lockhart in St. Mungo’s, and he recognizes his nurse, informs them that Gladys Gudgeon writes weekly, and tells them how he’s been working on his “joined-up writing.” A patient with anterograde amnesia would forget this information as soon as his or her attention shifted elsewhere.

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Lockhart’s memory loss is permanent, but the Memory Charm doesn’t necessarily have sầu lớn be. After Voldemort’s death, Hermione is able khổng lồ lift the spell on her parents. This suggests that the Memory Charm does not remove sầu a memory from a person’s mind, but rather obscures it in some way. However, it is probably just the spellcaster who is able khổng lồ lift a Memory Charm, since Voldemort has to resort lớn torture to lớn break the Memory Charm Barty Crouch put on Bertha Jorkins.

The Memory Charm, therefore, probably has different levels, the easier ones concealing recent memories và the more advanced ones removing older memories & even adding some memories. All, even the most severe, seem to lớn affect the ability to lớn retrieve sầu what has already occurred, rather than the formation of new memories. From the Pensieve to Dementors lớn the Memory Charm, J.K. Rowling has clearly put a lot of thought into the rules of how magic manipulates memory in the wizarding world.

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Sophia Jenkins

My name is Sophia và I’m a Hufflepuff living with my pet pig in New York City. On a daily basis I like lớn channel my inner Luna Lovegood by reading Harry Potter analysis books (upside down, of course) while wearing my large collection of miniature food earrings. When my best friends get tired of me bringing every conversation baông chồng to Harry Potter I sit down at my computer lớn chia sẻ my obsession with the readers of realchampionshipwrestling.com.


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