It"s natural khổng lồ have a lot of questions before stoma surgery. In this section, you can start getting some answers. You’ll find information about the different types of stomas, the kind of products you’ll be using, and other related topics.
Bạn đang xem: Stoma là gì
What is a stoma?Understanding exactly what a stoma is & how it is created is an important first step in getting lớn grips with how it might affect your daily life. Understanding what a stoma is
A stoma is the result of an operation that is meant to remove sầu disease & relieve sầu symptoms. It is an artificial opening that allows faeces or urine either from the intestine or from the urinary tract lớn pass.The stoma is created of an kết thúc of the intestine, which is brought khổng lồ the surface of your abdomen khổng lồ size the stoma (opening).
Download relevant stoma guides:
What does a stoma look and feel like?A stoma is usually moist & pinkish-red, và will stichồng out slightly from your abdomen.Stoma look and feel
After surgery, your stoma may be quite swollen to begin with, but will reduce in form size over time – usually after six to lớn eight weeks.No sensation, no pain
A stoma is red in colour. This is because it is a mucous membrane, just lượt thích the mucous membrane inside your mouth. There is no sensation in the stoma, so it is not at all painful to touch. The stoma can bleed a little when being cleaned, especially in the beginning, but this is quite normal, & should stop shortly afterwards.
Understanding your digestive sầu and urinary systemA colostomy & ileostomy work within your digestive system, while a urostomy works within your urinary system. A good way to understand how your stoma works is lớn have sầu a basic knowledge of how food và drink is digested by your body toàn thân.The digestive system và urinary system
The digestive sầu system
The urinary system
Three types of stomaThere are three types of stoma, each created for different purposes. Keep reading khổng lồ find out where they are typically placed & what they are for.Stoma types
The three types of stoma are: Colostomy, Ileostomy and Urostomy.
Wondering how your stoma might affect daily life?It will take time to adjust lớn life with a stoma. But there’s no reason why it should stop you doing most of the things you already vì chưng, from sports to lớn socialising. Daily life with a stoma
After your stoma operation you will need some time lớn recover. This is perfectly normal, & the time needed will vary from person to person. Your stoma will change in the first weeks following surgery, in terms of both form size and output. Also, you might chiến bại or gain weight in these weeks.
Xem thêm: Tiểu Sử Danh Hài Trường Giang Bao Nhiêu Tuổi, Danh Hài Trường Giang Bao Nhiêu Tuổi
Get started with a pouchHaving a stoma means you have no control over when you defecate or, in the case of a urostomy, when you urinate. This means that you always need to lớn wear a pouch lớn collect your output.Healthy skinIn order for your pouch to lớn adhere properly, it is very important lớn keep the skin around your stoma healthy. When the pouch is attached correctly, there is no risk of smell from your stoma và less risk of skin irritation. Before you leave sầu hospital, you will be trained in how to choose and manage your stoma pouch và how to take care of your skin.What about food and drink?In general you can eat và drink as normal. Try to see how your stoma reacts lớn different foods. Your stoma care nurse, surgeon or physician will advise if you need lớn take special precautions.In general, your stoma is no hindrance khổng lồ working, socialising, playing sports, travelling or other hobbies. Your general state of health – physically as well as mentally – will play a big role in determining your quality of life as you move forward.Talk about it
Intimacy & pregnancy with a stomaAlthough a stoma can influence the way you feel about your body, it doesn’t necessarily have to lớn affect your relationship with your partner or even pregnancy. Keep reading for simple, practical advice on living with a stoma.Intimacy with a stoma
Following stoma surgery, it’s natural to lớn have sầu concerns about your body’s appearance. It can take time lớn get used khổng lồ the physical changes and you may feel less attractive as a result. Although it can be challenge, it’s important to learn khổng lồ accept it as a part of who you are.What about intimacy?Intimacy & a normal loving relationship following stoma surgery can be resumed. How and when depends on the nature of the operation you"ve had. However, impotence and/or disrealchampionshipwrestling.comfort can occur in cases where the rectum or bladder have been removed (women can also be affected by this).It’s important to talk khổng lồ your partner và try not to lớn feel self-conscious because of the operation. It’s also important to lớn talk to lớn your stoma care nurse who is used to lớn discussing the issues you’re experiencing and will be able to lớn help in many ways. There are also several handy tips & tricks for overrealchampionshipwrestling.coming everyday obstacles. For instance, adapting lace underwear so that it’s worn as a tube around your body toàn thân covering the pouch, or using mini pouches for intimate situations.Can I have sầu children?
Why vày I need lớn wear an ostomy pouch?An ostomy pouch is necessary khổng lồ securely và conveniently collect the output from your stoma. How often you drain or change your pouch is dependent on whether you have a colostomy, ileostomy or urostomy.Practical information about wearing an ostomy pouch
No matter what type of ostomy you have, all the output from the stoma must be collected in a secure and convenient way. That’s where your ostomy pouch realchampionshipwrestling.comes in. Your pouch is designed khổng lồ stiông xã lớn the skin on your abdomen around your stoma and collect the output.
Secure & discreet
The type of ostomy pouch you select will depend on whether you have sầu a colostomy, ileostomy or urostomy. Your Stomal Therapy Nurse or surgeon will show you which one is right for you, but the overwhelming majority of pouches are secure & discreet. Notoàn thân will know you’re wearing one unless you decide khổng lồ tell them.
Although it can be difficult at first khổng lồ accept the fact that you will have sầu khổng lồ wear an ostomy pouch on your stomach, you should soon start to realize that it’s possible khổng lồ live much as you did before.
Changing your pouch
How often you change or empty your pouch depends on the type of stoma you have:Colostomy: The pouch needs khổng lồ be changed between one & three times a day, depending on the amount of output.Ileostomy: The pouch needs to lớn be drained several times a day.Urostomy: The pouch needs to lớn be drained several times a day. At night, a urostomy pouch or a smaller, "micro-pouch" version can be attached khổng lồ a night bag so you don’t need lớn get up to drain your bag.
For more information on how khổng lồ manage your specific pouch, visit the animated instructions for your specific ostomy type and pouching system.
How khổng lồ put on your ostomy pouchBeing able lớn put on your stoma pouch correctly is a crucial first step in learning to lớn care for your stoma.Applying a stoma pouch correctly
When you have a stoma, urine and stools exit directly inkhổng lồ the pouch on your abdomen. To avoid leaks, skin irritation or social embarrassment, it is very important that you learn how to seal the ostomy bag securely lớn the skin.A snug fit is keyThe guiding principle is that the adhesive sầu part of the appliance is stuchồng khổng lồ the area around the stoma & that the hole in the adhesive sầu fits snugly around the stoma.
Xem thêm: Phím Tắt Mặc Định Sử Dụng Đổi Thế Của Khí Công Sư Là Phím Nào? ?
Your stoma care nurse will help you choose the best hàng hóa for you and show you how to apply & remove the pouch in the right way. You might also find these instructional videos helpful.
“When I first had the ostomy I was a little shocked. I only knew two people before who had an ostomy và they had both died, so I thought I would die soon as well. It made me think that I should enjoy life as long as I could. This was in 1997. Resuming my hobbies was a little difficult at first, especially swimming because of having khổng lồ walk around in the changing room và so on. But I explained lớn people that I had surgery & now nobody toàn thân, including myself, thinks about the bag anymore. Even when we’re sitting in the sauna và the bag makes a sound – we just laugh.”Mogens
Read more user stories
“After my surgery I woke up the next morning và quickly found out that I had a bag on my stomach. I wouldn’t say I was shocked but I felt a bit peculiar. I wondered: ‘Is this going to remain there?’ When I learned that the ostomy would be for life I stopped feeling sorry for myself because I knew I had khổng lồ live sầu with it và just make the most of it. Today, I have no problems having a stoma & talk about it lớn whoever wants lớn listen. I change the bag on the golf course – even next lớn the trash bin if needed.”Henning
Chuyên mục: ĐỊNH NGHĨA